Ethnographic Approaches To Studying Global Institutions

Author: Rachel Irwin
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781473946781
Size: 34.24 MB
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This case study focuses on the use of ethnographic methods to study global processes, with a focus on how international institutions create policies that are meant to be globally relevant. Specifically, it examines the role of the World Health Organization in setting global norms and standards in health, with case studies on two World Health Organization policy documents 'Set of Recommendations on the Marketing of foods and Non-alcoholic Beverages to Children' and the 'WHO/UNICEF International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes'.

National Regional And Global Institutions Infrastructures And Governance Volume Ii

Author: Neil Edward Harrison
Publisher: EOLSS Publications
ISBN: 1848264054
Size: 12.60 MB
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National, Regional and Global Institutions, Infrastructures and Governance is a component of Encyclopedia of Institutional and Infrastructural Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty Encyclopedias. This 2-volume set contains several chapters, each of size 5000-30000 words, with perspectives, issues on National and Regional Institutions and Infrastructures, Transparent Governance; Empowerment Of Subnational Governments and Local Communities in a Decentralized And Unequal Polity; Improving Institutional Support To Promote Sustainable Livelihoods. These volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.

The World Health Organization Who

Author: Kelley Lee
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134199899
Size: 57.99 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The World Health Organization (WHO), as the United Nations specialized agency for health, has been at the centre of international health cooperation for over sixty years. With origins dating from the nineteenth century, WHO’s mandate is the attainment by all people of the highest possible level of health. The huge challenge of fulfilling this objective has not only required high-level technical skills, but has led the organization to engage with a broad range of political and economic interests. WHO has enjoyed many high-profile successes such as the global eradication of smallpox and SARS, and ongoing campaigns against polio and other diseases. On other issues, such as essential drugs, tobacco control and diet and nutrition, efforts to tackle the broader determinants of health has brought the organization into contact with issues such as globalization, poverty, social justice and human rights. Kelley Lee analyzes the WHO’s role in international cooperation, examining its changing structures, key programmes and individuals. Of particular focus are the challenges WHO has faced in recent years given the emergence of other global health initiatives and how WHO has sought to remain effective as the "world’s health conscience" within an increasingly complex global context.

How Global Institutions Rule The World

Author: J. Colomer
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137475080
Size: 54.82 MB
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This book reviews bureau-type organizations delivering network goods, documenting how most global institutions greatly improved their effectiveness during the last few decades. In the current globalized world, the design and choice of appropriate institutional rules and procedures can result in effective and democratic global government.

Global Institutions And Development

Author: Desmond McNeill
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 0415312892
Size: 58.12 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This unique book explores a very broad range of ideas and institutions and provides thorough and detailed case studies in the context of broader theoretical analysis. Key topics such as poverty, global governance, sustainable development and the environment are closely examined, with detailed case studies of the World Bank, the WTO, the IMF, Asian Development Bank, UN Development Programme and the OECD's Development Assistance Committee. The impact multilateral institutions such as the World Bank and IMF have on development is hotly debated, but few doubt their power and influence. This book examines the concepts that have powerfully influenced development policy and, more broadly, looks at the role of ideas in international development institutions and how they have affected current development discourse. The authors analyze why some ideas are taken up by these institutions, how the ideas travel within the systems and how they are translated into policy, modified, distorted or resisted.

Global Health Law

Author: Lawrence O. Gostin
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674369874
Size: 56.10 MB
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Despite global progress, staggering health inequalities between rich and poor raise basic questions of social justice. Defining the field of global health law, Lawrence Gostin drives home the need for effective governance and offers a blueprint for reform, based on the principle that the opportunity to live a healthy life is a basic human right.

Global Institutions And The Hiv Aids Epidemic

Author: Franklyn Lisk
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135226121
Size: 53.18 MB
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Written by a leading expert in the field, this book provides a clear and incisive analysis of the different perspectives of the global response to HIV/AIDS, and the role of the different global institutions involved. The text highlights HIV/AIDS as an exceptional global epidemic in terms of the severity of its impact as a humanitarian tragedy of unprecedented proportion, its multi-dimensional characteristics, and its continuous evolution over more than two decades. The careful analysis in this volume critically reviews key issues in the global response, including: HIV/AIDS as a development challenge North-South power relationships and tensions international and regional partnerships between donor governments and recipient countries governance of global institutions and impact on the capacity of developing countries to respond effectively to the epidemic prevention versus treatment as options in HIV/AIDS services how to make the money work in support of effective AIDS financing. Providing a comprehensive but easy to read and compact overview of history, trends and impacts of HIV/AIDS and the global efforts to respond effectively this book is essential reading for all students of international relations, health studies and international organizations.

Encyclopedia Of Health Services Research

Author: Ross M. Mullner
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1452266115
Size: 38.74 MB
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Today, as never before, healthcare has the ability to enhance the quality and duration of life. At the same time, healthcare has become so costly that it can easily bankrupt governments and impoverish individuals and families. Health services research is a highly multidisciplinary field, including such areas as health administration, health economics, medical sociology, medicine, , political science, public health, and public policy. The Encyclopedia of Health Services Research is the first single reference source to capture the diversity and complexity of the field. With more than 400 entries, these two volumes investigate the relationship between the factors of cost, quality, and access to healthcare and their impact upon medical outcomes such as death, disability, disease, discomfort, and dissatisfaction with care. Key Features Examines the growing healthcare crisis facing the United States Encompasses the structure, process, and outcomes of healthcare Aims to improve the equity, efficiency, effectiveness, and safety of healthcare by influencing and developing public policies Describes healthcare systems and issues from around the globe Key Themes Access to Care Accreditation, Associations, Foundations, and Research Organizations Biographies of Current and Past Leaders Cost of Care, Economics, Finance, and Payment Mechanisms Disease, Disability, Health, and Health Behavior Government and International Healthcare Organizations Health Insurance Health Professionals and Healthcare Organizations Health Services Research Laws, Regulations, and Ethics Measurement; Data Sources and Coding; and Research Methods Outcomes of Care Policy Issues, Healthcare Reform, and International Comparisons Public Health Quality and Safety of Care Special and Vulnerable Groups The Encyclopedia is designed to be an introduction to the various topics of health services research for an audience including undergraduate students, graduate students, andgeneral readers seeking non-technical descriptions of the field and its practices. It is also useful for healthcare practitioners wishing to stay abreast of the changes and updates in the field.

Pathways To Global Health

Author: Stephen Matlin
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9813144041
Size: 29.83 MB
Format: PDF
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Following the publication of Negotiating and Navigating Global Health: Case Studies in Global Health Diplomacy Editor Ellen Rosskam and Ilona Kickbusch, this second volume of case studies will complement the first volume and extends its scope. The new book focuses on health diplomacy negotiations, in Geneva and elsewhere, that have involved WHO or that have substantial implications for the work of WHO. Each of the chapters provides a detailed account of a particular example of global health negotiation, concerning hard and soft law instruments but also addressing the full range of health issues — reaching from issues of research and development, polio eradication, NCDs and plain packaging, to the post-2015 process, the WHO reform and non-state involvement. The book therefore captures a wide-range of experiences of distinguished diplomats, academics and senior practitioners. The contributions to the book are written by negotiators and academics and thus, will provide a unique angle and a tool of reflection for a broad audience. In particular, it will be of interest not only to the academic community and students, but also to policy-makers and diplomats. The case studies will allow for learning on how negotiations work in a complex policy environment. The focus on WHO will explore how a major international organization engages in global health diplomacy and on the implications that health-related diplomacy taking place in a variety of settings has for its work. As such, the book is an important contribution to the growing field of global health diplomacy and to the debate about the role of WHO in the 21str century.

Handbook Of Global Economic Governance

Author: Manuela Moschella
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136582886
Size: 54.88 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book, in the Routledge International Handbooks series, tackles the issue of what the governance of the global economic and financial system looks like and what the prospects for its reform are. Specifically, the book will address the following three main themes: Governance; Functions of governance; and Problems and prospects of governance. The book will provide a thorough analysis of the issues at stake in designing international rules and institutions able to govern the global economy; illustrate and analyze virtually all the main institutions, rules, and arrangements that make.