Thermodynamics Of Microstructures

Author: Taiji Nishizawa
Publisher: ASM International
ISBN: 1615031286
Size: 23.71 MB
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Thermodynamics Microstructures And Plasticity

Author: Alphonse Finel
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9789401002202
Size: 32.63 MB
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This book is a comprehensive assessment of the various theoretical and numerical methods currently in use to investigate microstructural transformations and mechanical properties of inhomogeneous systems, from the atomic scale to the macroscopic: kinetic mean-field theories, Monte Carlo and molecular dynamics simulations, Ginzburg-Landau and phase field methods as applied to plasticity and microstructure transformation, discrete and stochastic dislocation dynamics, and cluster dynamics. Extensive surveys of major physical processes include: solidification, microstructural evolution in single and polycrystalline systems under internal and applied stress, high temperature plasticity, recrystallization, large plastic strain in multiphase systems, fatigue, fracture, diffusive transformations, and fine grained materials.

Molecular Modeling Of Microstructure And Thermodynamics Of Bulk And Inhomogeneous Polymer Systems

Publisher: ProQuest
ISBN: 1109207581
Size: 54.23 MB
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The DFT has been applied to analyze the lamellar morphologies of symmetric diblock copolymers in bulk melts and ultra-thin films confined between two surfaces. Effects of the chain length of the copolymer, incompatibility between the two blocks, surface-block interactions, and film thickness on the microstructure are investigated.

Molecular Modeling The Microstructure And Phase Behavior Of Bulk And Inhomogeneous Complex Fluids

Publisher: ProQuest
ISBN: 1109217196
Size: 41.14 MB
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Finally, the DFT is extended to predict the inter- and intramolecular correlation functions of polymeric fluids. A theory capable of providing such local structure is important to understanding how local chemistry, branching, and bond flexibility affect the thermodynamic properties of polymers.


Author: Suk-Joong L. Kang
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 0080493076
Size: 26.12 MB
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Sintering is the process of forming materials and components from a powder under the action of thermal energy. It is a key materials science subject: most ceramic materials and many specialist metal powder products for use in key industries such as electronics, automotive and aerospace are formed this way. Written by one of the leading experts in the field, this book offers an unrivalled introduction to sintering and sintering processes for students of materials science and engineering, and practicing engineers in industry. The book is unique in providing a complete grounding in the principles of sintering and equal coverage of the three key sintering processes: densification, grain growth and microstructure. Students and professional engineers alike will be attracted by the emphasis on developing a detailed understanding of the theory and practical processes of sintering, the balanced coverage of ceramic and metal sintering, and the accompanying examination questions with selected solutions. · Delivering unrivalled depth of coverage on the basis of sintering, science, including thermodynamics and polycrystalline microstructure. · Unique in its balanced coverage of the three key sintering elements - densification, grain growth and microstructure. · A key reference for students and engineers in materials science and engineering, accompanied by examination questions and selected solutions.

Advances In Continuum Mechanics And Thermodynamics Of Material Behavior

Author: Roger Fosdick
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792369714
Size: 23.80 MB
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The papers included in this volume were presented at the Symposium on Advances in the Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics of Material Behavior, held as part of the 1999 Joint ASME Applied Mechanics and Materials Summer Conference at Virginia Tech on June 27-30, 1999. The Symposium was held in honor of Professor Roger L. Fosdick on his 60th birthday. The papers are written by prominent researchers in the fields of mechanics, thermodynamics, materials modeling, and applied mathematics. They address open questions and present the latest development in these and related areas. This volume is a valuable reference for researchers and graduate students in universities and research laboratories.

Casting Aluminum Alloys

Author: Michael V Glazoff
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080550231
Size: 31.60 MB
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This monograph summarizes research conducted at Moscow Institute of Steel and Alloy during many decades in part together with Alcoa Inc. The research covered areas of the structure, properties, thermal resistance, corrosion and fatigue of aluminum alloys in industrial manufacturing. · Emphasis on interconnection among phase equilibria, thermodynamics and microstructure of alloys; · Systematic overview of all phase diagrams with Al that are important for the development of casting aluminium alloys · Diagrams ("processing windows") of important technological properties such as castability, molten metal fluidity, tendency to hot pre-solidification cracking, porosity · Mathematical models for alloy mechanical properties facilitating the down-selection of best prospect candidates for new alloy development · New principles of design of eutectic casting aluminium alloys · Examples of successful novel casting alloy development, including alloys for high-strength applications, alloys with transition metals, and novel alloys utilizing aluminium scrap

Continuum Scale Simulation Of Engineering Materials

Author: Dierk Raabe
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527604219
Size: 71.95 MB
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This book fills a gap by presenting our current knowledge and understanding of continuum-based concepts behind computational methods used for microstructure and process simulation of engineering materials above the atomic scale. The volume provides an excellent overview on the different methods, comparing the different methods in terms of their respective particular weaknesses and advantages. This trains readers to identify appropriate approaches to the new challenges that emerge every day in this exciting domain. Divided into three main parts, the first is a basic overview covering fundamental key methods in the field of continuum scale materials simulation. The second one then goes on to look at applications of these methods to the prediction of microstructures, dealing with explicit simulation examples, while the third part discusses example applications in the field of process simulation. By presenting a spectrum of different computational approaches to materials, the book aims to initiate the development of corresponding virtual laboratories in the industry in which these methods are exploited. As such, it addresses graduates and undergraduates, lecturers, materials scientists and engineers, physicists, biologists, chemists, mathematicians, and mechanical engineers.

Thermodynamics Of Flowing Systems

Author: Antony N. Beris
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195344882
Size: 54.41 MB
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This much-needed monograph presents a systematic, step-by-step approach to the continuum modeling of flow phenomena exhibited within materials endowed with a complex internal microstructure, such as polymers and liquid crystals. By combining the principles of Hamiltonian mechanics with those of irreversible thermodynamics, Antony N. Beris and Brian J. Edwards, renowned authorities on the subject, expertly describe the complex interplay between conservative and dissipative processes. Throughout the book, the authors emphasize the evaluation of the free energy--largely based on ideas from statistical mechanics--and how to fit the values of the phenomenological parameters against those of microscopic models. With Thermodynamics of Flowing Systems in hand, mathematicians, engineers, and physicists involved with the theoretical study of flow behavior in structurally complex media now have a superb, self-contained theoretical framework on which to base their modeling efforts.

Generalized Thermodynamics

Author: Byung Chan Eu
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0306480492
Size: 50.55 MB
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Despite a long history of almost 180 years stretching back to the times of Carnot and, later, Clausius and Lord Kelvin, amongst others following him, the subject of thermodynamics has not as yet seen its full maturity, in the sense that the theory of irreversible processes has remained incomplete. The works of L. Onsager, J. Meixner, I. Prigogine on the thermodyn- ics of linear irreversible processes are, in effect, the early efforts toward the desired goal of giving an adequate description of irreversible processes, but their theory is confined to near-equilibrium phenomena. The works in recent years by various research workers on the extension of the aforem- tioned thermodynamic theory of linear irreversible processes are further efforts toward the goal mentioned. The present work is another of such efforts and a contribution to the subject of generalizing the thermodyn- ics of reversible processes, namely, equilibrium thermodynamics, to that of irreversible processes—non-equilibrium thermodynamics, without being restricted to linear irreversible processes. In this context the terms ‘far - moved from equilibrium’ is often used in the literature, and such states of macroscopic systems and non-linear irreversible phenomena in them are the objects of interest in this work. The thermodynamics of processes, either reversible or irreversible, is a continuum mechanical theory of matter and energy and their exchange between different parts of the system, and as such it makes no direct r- erence to the molecules constituting the substance under consideration.